A lot of people around the world have begun to develop interests in learning a second language. This is not unconnected to the fast and innovative development in science and technology as well as in communication, transportation, migration, internet and computer sensitisation. By learning a second – or even third – language, people can not only gain more access when it comes to discussing and learning about other cultures or people around the world but will also enable them to blend well in case they visit those areas in the future.
Nobody likes undergoing stress, and learning a language that is foreign to your native land does not come easy at all. This is why it is essential for students learning a new language to remain motivated during the learning process. It is perhaps the only way for them to retain their interest in learning the new language and will also speed up the learning process.
The role that motivation plays in the process of learning a new language cannot be quantified. It is highly crucial for language teachers to understand the intimate relationship between motivation and its effect on language learning. Passion is the core of motivation, and it relates to an individual’s deep-seated desires and goals. Therefore, it is necessary that to learn a language successfully calls for passion, and language teachers should endeavour to find methods or techniques to connect students' motivation to the learning.
It is true that motivation fluctuates, and keeping language learners’ motivation high at all times may be next to impossible. When instructors are designing a language course, they should consider that each learner or student has different expectations and interests.
Practical Strategies to increase the external motivation of language learners
Establish a welcoming or approachable atmosphere in the classroom
Instructors should create a pleasant and welcoming climate in the classroom which makes each student feel valued and recognised. Once students get to know their peers and teachers, they relax and become more at ease and willing to participate in classroom activities. Creating a comfortable and safe environment that fosters the language learning process is a motivating factor that will sit well with the students.
One of the most effective and proven ways of encouraging familiarity among language learning students is to initiate the ‘nickname’ activity in which every student writes or invents a nickname. If they already have one, then all the better. Then let every student attempt to explain the reason behind his or her nickname. It is a form of introduction that will not only break the ice of unfamiliarity while creating a flexible and friendly classroom atmosphere but will also create a bond between them.
Creating short-term goals
Encouraging students to set their short-term goals by themselves will enable them to achieve success faster even as they direct their students towards their expectations. Learning a new language becomes more natural when learners understand why they want to learn the language. Having expectations and goals leads to a boost in motivation, and this invariably leads to an advanced level of language capability.
Creating conditions to make learners feel a sense of achievement
When you create situations or circumstances that enable students to feel a sense of accomplishment, it can be a massive boost in motivating language learners. You can even enhance that feeling by giving positive reinforcement and feedback. Students’ satisfaction will be improved, and positive self-evaluation will be encouraged. According to research, even though negative and positive feedback tends to influence motivation, students that receive positive comments are more affected than their peers who receive negative feedback. Praise is powerful and builds the self-esteem, competence, and self-confidence of students.
Can they personalise their classroom environment?
There is something about having your touch in any environment you find yourself. You will feel more at home, at peace with yourself and with your surroundings. The same is true for students learning a new language. When you allow students to personalise their learning environment, it goes a long way in enhancing a friendly atmosphere in the classroom while making them feel more comfortable about learning the new language. It is not rare for students in such environment to come out of their shells and display great motivation in reading aloud or conversing in the new language with other students.
Develop students’ confidence by creating group activities
Learning a new language can be enhanced when learners are encouraged to participate actively in the process. This includes creating, designing, writing, doing, making, and solving. Therefore, to achieve this, create group activities that each student will have no choice than to participate in; this helps in encouraging the overly shy students to speak up when carrying out group tasks.
The assertion that motivation is a personality trait of students is incorrect. Motivation is a key when it comes to achieving any worthwhile goal. The tips shared above will help in developing and sustaining the interests of students in their quest towards learning a new language.
Ziaga, R. (2016, December 15). 12 Ways to Motivate Students. Retrieved December 13, 2017, from the Web.
Brown, D. (2001). Teaching by principles: An integrative approach to language pedagogy (2nd ed.). White Plains, NY: Longman.
Cheng, H., & Dörnyei, Z. (2007). The use of motivational strategies in language instruction: The case of EFL teaching in Taiwan. Innovation in Language Learning and Teaching, 1,153–173.
Dörnyei, Z. (2001). Motivational strategies in the language classroom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Dörnyei, Z., & Ottó, I. (1998). Motivation in action: A process model of L2 motivation. Working Papers in Applied Linguistics, 4, 43–69
Writing a college paper can be a challenging task, especially given the many academic tasks a student has to accomplish within often a limited time. Following the ten easy steps below will not only help reduce the amount of time students spend in writing a research paper but will also increase the quality of research.
Step 1: Select a topic
Carefully choose a topic, and have the amount of time available, the length of the paper, and the limits of the resources in mind. Search the library to make sure you have enough material to use for the topic you chose. It will be easier to write a college paper on topics that interest you and those that you can think and add a viewpoint about. It will also be easier to narrow down the topic later if the subject is on what you already have a good idea about. Nevertheless, you will have to avoid non-controversial and sensational subjects - that are not scholarly, or those that will only restate the research material.
Step 2: Narrow the topic
What you want to write about is the subject of the paper, and should have been set at this point. Now, you will need to understand some background articles about your subject in encyclopedias and other references to narrow the topic. Questions like - Who are the important people involved? What are the significant issues? What are my opinions on the topic? Why is this an important subject? How has the problem developed? When? Where? – should come into your mind.
Step 3: State the tentative objective of the paper
Before starting anything about your paper, you need to compose a thesis statement that describes the perspective you are going to express and support in your paper. Since your purpose in the rest of the paper is to prove the validity of your thesis, the statement of your thesis will provide a controlling idea which will help you find resource materials to use.
Step 4: Form a preliminary bibliography
A list of potential sources of information is a preliminary bibliography. You can find articles and books that are relevant to your topic, and not just the reference books guide or card catalog. Some of the sources you may check include Guides to Indexes and Abstracts; Humanities Index, (1974- ); Business Periodicals Index Social Sciences and Humanities Index (1965-1974); Social Sciences Index, (1974- ); Bibliographies (available on many subjects); Indexes Reader's Guide to Periodical Literature, (1900- ); and Bibliographic Index.
Step 5: Prepare a working outline
This is very important as it gives an order to your notetaking. As your research continues, you may find that you need to review your plan if you have conflicting information. Nevertheless, it paves the way for a good starting point and is essential to take notes before you start. First is to start by listing the topics you want to discuss in your paper. Later, you divide the items on the list into major topics and subtopics.
Step 6: Start taking notes
After all the needed materials have been gathered and you have prepared a working outline, you can start to take note. Look for index cards (either 3x5" or 4x6") to write your notes on and make sure you include only one note on each card. Not just notes but notes that are related in some way to one of the topics on your working outline. Each card should be labeled with the appropriate topic; this will make it easier for you to organize your note cards later when you begin to prepare the final outline of your paper.
Step 7: Outline the paper
This appears similar to the working outline but is more complicated - each topic will, however, be broken down into many subtopics. To achieve this, sort your note cards into separate piles according to the issues at the top of each them. Then, create subtopics for each of the cards.
Step 8: Write a rough draft
Now, you can begin your rough draft after you have completed your final outline. You don't have to pay more attention to spelling and punctuation here as this rough draft will be revised. You should instead pay more attention to the content you already have in the paper, following your outline and expanding the points in it with information from your notes.
Step 9: Edit your paper
When you are through with the rough draft, read through it again and revise it paying more attention to the content and organization of the paper. You should ask yourself some of these questions: Does each paragraph have a topic sentence that relates to the thesis? Are the ideas backed up by evidence? Are there visible transitions from one section to another? Are there clear transitions to indicate to the reader when one idea is ending, and another one is beginning? When revising, you will have to read more.
Step 10: Write the final draft
You should type the final draft of your paper and include citations, as well a bibliography; there may be the need for a title page in some papers, depending on the formatting pattern and the professor. If the title page is needed, then it should have the paper title, your name, the course name, the instructor's name, and the date the paper is due.
American University, Academic Support Center, Writing Lab, updated 2009
Odegaard Writing & Research Center
An essay is a precise writing on a particular subject, which is composed of paragraphs, usually the introduction, the discussion and the conclusion. (Read my article on how to write a good paragraph here) Different types of essay have different sets of rules which, if not followed, makes the writing dull and pointless. On the other hand, it becomes difficult to remember all sets of rule and recall when you sit to write an essay. Usually, the kind of question or situation we have determines the type of essay we compose. Here is a short practical way to help you write a good essay, by understanding its major manifestations.
Major types of essay
There are basically four types of essay, which sometimes appear with a variation in name. They are expository, narrative, descriptive and persuasive. Expository is in some instances call explanatory and persuasive called argumentative essay. Read their explanation below:
Expository essay, or sometimes called explanatory essay, is one of the most common types of essay we often use, especially at school. Its main purpose is to portray a concept or idea in a detailed manner that can be easily understood by the reader. For example, the lecture notes, the organised ones, we get in our classes are expository essays. When we write about certain concept or tradition in our society with the purpose to educate our reader, especially those who have no idea about it, it’s most likely going to be in an expository form. This article you are reading is a typical example of expository essay. It should be complete and cover all corners of the topic, to convince the reader enough.
This kind of essay is more like telling a story. There are two kinds of narrative essays, one is, writing a story and the other is writing a book report. If you are writing a story, you choose the narrative essay writing, and it is completely based on creative writing. You need to make a plot of the story, settings and characters. The other kind is writing a book report. It is about narrating about the book’s main concept, rather than rewording the whole book. It is common to see a narrative essay written predominantly with past tense because it’s telling about past events.
As the name suggests, it is quite descriptive and allows you to write about all the corners of the subject, near or close parts of the subject. It’s more about writing your brain out. Descriptive essay is about creative writing which creates a picture in the reader’s mind making him stand in the story himself. For the descriptive essay, it is important to have good command in creative writing as the words express more of the emotions felt at the moment. It is easy to find descriptive writing in narrative composition because often storytellers what their reader to experience the events and the scenes psychologically. In essence, description is meant to create a mental picture.
One can say the major distinction between persuasive and expository essays is that persuasive essay focuses on advancing argument through opinions. It also, however, like an expository essay, uses evidence to elaborating an idea. The argument can stretch until the idea is completely explained.
On the whole, it is possible then to have various kinds of essay integrated into a composition. It might be that the composition as a whole is narrative, but has considerable aspects of descriptive, as it often happens in stories and vice versa.
If only you have a good hold on words and can do creative writing, you can make the best of essays and invite more and more readers. The idea of writing down your thoughts is the same; it’s only the method that changes of pouring your thoughts for a group of audience you are writing for.
Udemy (28TH October 2017) Four kinds of Essays, 28th October 2017, Retrieved from the web.
DC IELTS (15th March 2017) 10-practical-tips-for-writing-better-exam-essays, 28th October 2017, Retrieved from the Web
Working for more than three years with amazing colleagues to experiment the Writing Center at Yanbu Colleges and Institutes has been both a challenging and rewarding experience. What you are about to read is one of those success stories. We worked for almost a year with the immediate past Director of Yanbu English Language Institute, Dr. Osman Barnawi, as our editor, and MacMillan Palgrave, as our publishers, to produce a 14-chapter book about the current state of Writing Center practices in the Arabian Gulf. I am personally happy and proud to be part of this journey that saw a conceptualization of a Writing Center to a full institutionalization for Yanbu academic community. And, I'm grateful to many individuals for the effort we put together in student learning support.
My chapter on critical thinking and writing tutoring examined the use of critical thinking skills in the current practices of writing center tutors and tutees.
Below is the chapter's abstract. You can read the full paper here, or access the full book on Palgrave website here.
Developing students’ critical thinking skills in writing remains a challenging phenomenon across writing centres. Both within the writing centre pedagogy and the general academic writing theory, there are a few studies that investigate this aspect of language learning practice. Meanwhile, some of the studies attribute students’ inability to demonstrate critical thoughts in language learning to the lack of a high-level critical thinking skill (Alagozlu & Sarac, 2010; Borglin, 2012; Klimova, 2013), knowledge also remains little about the way(s) teachers implement critical thinking strategies in teaching writing (Atac, 2015; Golding, 2006), and how students transfer the skills into their academic writing courses. Over the two years of its establishment as a support centre for students’ academic writing, the writing centre at Royal Commission Yanbu Colleges and Institutes (RCYCI Writing Centre) has employed various measures to help students develop their academic writing skills. Using both naturalistic and participant observations as well as a follow-up interview, this study explores the manifestations of critical thinking strategies in tutors’ and tutees’ interaction as reflected in tutees’ writing in RCYCI Writing Centre. The results show that, though most tutors are aware of critical thinking as a strategy for teaching academic writing, majority of students remain unaware about it, and only a few instances of the practices of such strategy appear in tutoring sessions. It is recommended that the RCYCI Writing Centre should develop a practical model for implementing critical thinking strategy through frequently organizing workshops for tutors and tutees to further raise awareness about the use of the strategy and providing tutors with the instructional model to implement. This process should be adequately monitored and evaluated.
Learning style varies from student to student. Every student acts differently in acquiring, absorbing and retaining information. Some may understand the verbal instructions while others may need video demonstration as well. In short, every student is different. It is very important for teachers to understand and accompany the difference of learning styles of their students so that they can implement appropriate strategies into their lesson plans.
1. Matching learning styles
For a teacher, it is very difficult to match his teaching style with learning styles of all the students. However, it is difficult, not impossible. With a little effort, he can get to know his students’ learning styles. Students do outclass on a project/assignment when it matches their favorite learning method.
2. Know your students through VARK
Students learning styles can be broadly divided into four:
• V: Visual
• A: Auditory
• R: Read and write (linguistic)
• K: Kinesthetic (physical)
Learning styles are further divided into:
• Logical (Numerical)
• Interpersonal (social)
A student may possess more than one learning style. A student who learns visually may also be a kinesthetic learner. For a better implementation of these learning styles into study techniques, it is essential for educators to figure out which type of learner a student is.
3. Interactive environment for learning (right mix of learning styles)
Educators must provide interactive and inclusive learning atmosphere so that no student can feel left alone. Teachers must promote team projects to allow every student be a part of the learning environment. This strategy can help in building upon their strengths. It is not practical to adopt a single teaching method. A teacher must incorporate multiple means of learning that can benefit every type of learner.
In this way, every student can get benefit according to his learning style. Tablets, laptops, blogging, YouTube videos and other technological means play a significant impact in today’s teaching style. Students learn more quickly through technology than traditional teaching methods.
4. Student-centered approach
A traditional teacher-centered approach may not work to cater learning style of every student. In this method, students are asked to act merely as listeners for listening and absorbing knowledge. They are not encouraged to participate in the classroom. An educator must adopt student-centered approach if he wants to reach out at every student’s mind. In this approach, teachers, while holding authority, welcome students to seek guidance by assisting them in every possible way. They engage them in the learning process.
5. Get students involved via fun and creativity
Some students are intelligent but careless towards studies. They learn through fun activities. To engage them in the class according to their learning style, teachers should adopt fun learning adventures to keep them motivated towards studies.
No two students are same. An excellent instructor is one who passes his knowledge with the best of his abilities to every student of the class. A good teacher must be able to effectively communicate the lesson according to the learning styles and capabilities of students.
Kellianne, H. (2016, October 11.) How to Accommodate Different Learning Styles in the Classroom. Retrieved September 29, 2017, from the Web.
Eric, G. (2013, January 5.) What is Your Teaching Style? 5 Effective Teaching Methods for Your Classroom. Retrieved September 29, 2017, from the Web.
Simplicity is the key to perfection. Thought process involved around composing a perfect paragraph can be quite intimidating for many writers. However, to write a good paragraph, it’s important to inculcate the basics of paragraph writing and experiment around it. Hesitant writers should practice this craft so that their thoughts and ideas can easily be transformed into their writing. Writing is a powerful tool for communication and requires coherence and conciseness for its effectiveness on the reader. Don’t try to flower things up too much as it’ll lead to an abrupt structure of your paragraph.
It’s important to write well-formulated sentences that deliver complete meaning to your thoughts. There must be cohesiveness in the structure, so it’s easy for the reader to comprehend the meaning. A paragraph should focus solely on one complete idea. Keep it original, witty and factual, so you gain credibility amongst your readers.
How to structure your paragraph
Each paragraph should have these three basic elements to it. Mastering these will help you enhance your writing skills and engage more readers.
A topic sentence is the summary of the basic idea being presented in the paragraph. In a majority of the cases, it should be the first sentence that opens your paragraph. It can be followed up by a linking sentence that links it to the rest of the sentences. A topic sentence is the unifying force of a paragraph and helps maintain a sentence order as well. In some cases, you can link the previous paragraph to the new one hence providing some background information as well.
For example, the below sentence could be a good model for an ideal topic sentence:
“Writing a well-organised paragraph can be a challenging task for early language learners, but it can be made easy by following some simple rules and engaging in constant writing practice.”
A topic sentence is further divided into two parts: the subject and the controlling idea. The subject is basically what it is being talked about, and the controlling idea is what the writer wants the reader to understand about the subject.
So, in the above sentence, the subject is: “Writing a well-organised paragraph…” And the remaining part of the sentence can be considered as the controlling ideas, that is, writing a paragraph is challenging; it can be mastered when practised enough.
Generally, writers prefer three supporting sentences to provide details about the topic sentence. These sentences establish your point of view and can be reinforced by providing facts and relevant quotes. You can present three points in every sentence which will help you back up your thoughts quite easily.
Now, read the following supporting sentences for the topic sentence discussed above.
“The first thing is for the learner to know what goes into a paragraph, for example, a learner must know that every paragraph has a topic sentence – a statement that embodies the main idea of the paragraph. This main idea is further supported by sentences usually explaining the main idea with details and examples. It is also good to close a paragraph by restating the main idea in a way that the reader will be left to carry along the desired information.”
Three sentences all explaining, with more details, the claim made in the topic sentence. Major characteristics of a good supporting sentence include a direct connection with the main idea, instances of examples and details to back the main idea.
Closing sentence is basically a restructured topic sentence that summarises your idea presented in that particular paragraph. It isn’t always important to include the closing sentence as long as your paragraph adheres to its main idea. Therefore, it’s not quite common in academic writing.
Perhaps the sentence below can serve as a restatement of the given topic sentence, which provides a kind of wrap up for the whole paragraph.
"The last and most important thing to do to master the art of paragraph writing is, without a doubt, continues practice."
Keeping in view these essential ingredients, you can build a comprehensive paragraph. A few other elements that must be present are as follows.
Unity – It’s important that you don’t lose track of your main idea while writing your paragraph. Don’t jump from a single thought to another during your sentence. Readers don’t enjoy abrupt sentence structures and would simply get tired of reading your piece.
Order and Coherence – It’s important to prioritize your supporting sentences in order of their importance or logical organization. Order helps avoid confusion for the reader. Coherence is the key factor to grasp the reader’s attention. Without bridging sentences together, your overall gist of the paragraph will be affected. You won’t be able to communicate your thoughts properly to the audience.
As a writer, writing a well-formed complete paragraph is a skill that requires practice and commitment so don’t be hesitant to do so.
Time4writing – The Secrets to Good Paragraph Writing. Retrieved 29 September 2017, from the Web
HireWriters (2017, 10 April) How to Write a Perfect Paragraph. Retrieved 29 September 2017, from the Web
Megan Morgan (2016) WikiHow to Write a Paragraph. Retrieved 29 September 2017, from the Web
You don’t need to be a legislative member or even a governor to serve your people: A message to Taraba youthsRead Now
Today, my thought, hoped it’s not skewed, is about my brothers, the youths of Taraba state. From time immemorial, everyone knows the future of every society rests on the shoulders of its youths. This is true in Taraba state. But, I don’t see a secured future with almost every young person aiming at one target – to be a House of Assembly member, a chairman or a governor. Folks, politics is now an old-fashioned game for the youth. The buzzwords are education, technology, entrepreneurship and partnership.
If you’re just a seldom social media visitor, you don’t need to be told that our young people in Taraba state, it might not be only Taraba, put so much energy in politics today. Why? Many of them ironically believe this is perhaps either the only way or the best way to serve the people. It might be one of the ways, however, as far as I understand, it’s the narrowest you can step your feet on to cause any desirable change and the most dangerous on your faithful journey to the Creator.
Imagine what’s going on with President Buhari, of all people, with regards to the approval of Magu’s appointment. Politics (or democracy) as a system may have the best structure for proving people, led or the lead, with the opportunity to thrive in all circumstances, but there’s much more to its attainment, especially in a society like ours. This is my opinion though. Wait to see what Buhari will end up with after 4 years, or hopefully if Nigerians give him another chance, 9 years. President Obama narrowly escaped with just a legacy: Obamacare, that is, if President Trump is not back to it for repeal and replace.
Come to think of it, the truth of the matter is these public office holders are everything but employees paid with the tax collected from ordinary citizens - petty traders, teachers, nurses – all those who work so hard to earn a living. Citizens employ them because they believe they (citizens) are too busy with their work, so decide to pay a group of people among themselves to look after the roads, supply of water, children education, security and so on.
Two categories of people apply for this job: first, the lazy among the citizens who are tired of working hard or do not want to work hard, but simply want to make easy money out of the ordinary people’s tax; and the second category are those passionate individuals among the citizens who either have identified certain problems in the society and would like to fix them, or are just by nature willing to sacrifice, while others are busy doing their jobs and raising their kids, by taking care and watching over their fellow citizens’ welfare, life and property. It’s everything but the sacrifice of a watchman. I stand to be corrected, among recent leaders, I always see Obama as an example of such individuals. In Nigeria, I could have contemplated Buhari, but it’s not the time yet.
Put aside the question of who is who, or in what category most of these aspiring youths belong. What kind of society do we intend to build with a majority going to one direction? What I perceive, I don’t know if you do, is most of our youths think politics is a business. It is indeed if you know the kind of life our politicians live, which is the result of distracting our able young population from focusing on what their counterparts in developing countries do focus on – education and innovation.
The worst part of the situation is sometimes the perceptions we hold. We’ve been made to believe, either in Friday sermons or on pulpits of Sunday service, or even by our conscience that only when we become governors and members of the house of assembly that we can change our destiny. This is not true.
We can change our destiny by first changing ourselves and our immediate families. We all know the truth that charity begins at home. Mahatma Gandhi also told us ‘be the change that you wish to see in the world.’ And, the most important change will come when we begin to think inwardly and focus on what is primary. You don’t need to be a member to help some young students pay their WAEC or JAMB registration. Instead of blowing off that money on building campaign offices, you can contribute with a block of classrooms or a community training centre. Turn to immediate families and neighbours around you. There are brothers, cousins, nephews and nieces who need your help! In fact, the best of rewards for a gift with Allah is the one to your immediate family. This is Allah’s wisdom to encourage us to build formidable families that would firmly sustain a society.
There are a lot of choices for contributions. There are teachers in villages and cities who on a daily basis work hard to provide less-privileged children with an opportunity to acquire the best education. God knows about them, and history will not forget them. Unless you’re bent on following the easiest and if not careful the dirtiest way, you can be the best doctor or engineer or policeman or religious leader or make-up artist of your community. Why not the best musician? Come on! It's trading. It’s all about why and how you do it. By all these, you’d have served humanity best and help many along the way; you’d have hopefully less blame here and, above all, fewer questions to answer in the hereafter.
Truly, I’m not discouraging the youths from going into politics. Neither am I saying there are no the likes of Obama among our youths. What I foresee, however, is that the rate at which we fancy and die for politics is consequential to our collective development. We can’t go anywhere without massive investments in our able population regarding self-reliance, developments in science and technology. Growing societies cut public liability and increase private sector productivity. A majority of the youth clamouring for political offices, many leaving their well-paid jobs and many carelessly avoiding potential opportunities all around them, is a total reverse of this understanding.
Today, if Sir Ahmadu Bello and his contemporaries were to start a new life, I have no doubt, they would never choose politics. They did then because it was necessary; in fact, it was the last thing they considered. Most of them were teachers and farmers, professions they believed would change society faster and better.
Mark Zuckerberg of Facebook visited Nigeria mainly to meet a group of young Nigerians most of them in their early 20s, to see the great job they’ve been doing. They are young software developers who inspired themselves to make a difference not through political office, but through innovation. They help companies as reputable as Microsoft. The international intervention they even get, Facebook support is one of them, is because of the initial effort they put on the ground. Every young talented person in Taraba or anywhere in Nigeria has equal opportunity Andela availed themselves nationally and internationally.
I believe we from Taraba state can learn tremendously from the entrepreneurial trends going on around Kaduna, Abuja, Kano, and what has been happening for decades in Lagos, Port Harcourt and many southern states. To start with, we have Arewa Start-Up, an initiative by another young person, I think, from Kebbi state. There are Kaduna Start-Up, Niger Start-Up and a host of others. It's high time for Taraba Start-Up to take off?
I said all these not because I am unaware of the challenges on the ground. Besides capacity and capital, there is also a significant lack of thriving environment. These challenges have been there and will continue to be. People breakthrough limitations by insistence and consistency. We reach to a goal by rising up to every obstacle against our way in a dynamic, positive way. Our broken system cannot take us anywhere when we too relent so much on our minimal effort.
I hope Taraba state young people will understand that I’m one of them who is not looking for a fight but a path that can prepare us together for the responsibilities that lie ahead. In our time, we will not be building classrooms with woods and iron sheets. We will be constructing them with PHP, Html and Java. We will not be saving money in abandoned mansions and overhead reservoirs. We will be operating a cashless economy. These are just examples of the very basic things we must achieve to get Taraba compete with other states in the country.
Often, people face choices in life, especially good ones, that pose challenges to their conscience. I don’t know what most people of Jalingo local government think about this Saturday’s chairmanship election between Abdul Nasir Bobboji and A. A. Liman. It appears to be a challenging one that perhaps many, as of now, have not yet made any decision. In times like these, putting aside what does not matter and focusing on a common goal could help.
It may seem quite easy for the supporters of Alhaji Abdul Nasir Bobboji to have confidence given his many years of experience in the local government service and his credible disposition that many describe as “tested and trusted.” To many of these supporters, his competence and trustworthiness are no match alternatives to play a dice game with the state capital in the hands of A. A. Liman who they consider inexperienced.
On the other hand, I’m sure the A.A. Liman’s admirers strongly believe he’s the man of the moment, with a modern touch, who might bring that desirable change they feel Bobboji is old to provide, or that he represents a sort of a reverse to the status quo. No doubt, A. A. Liman seems to be holding the flag of a new face of hope.
The choice here presents itself, to me and apparently to the people of my local government, as a choice between confidence and hope – Bobboji epitomises a confidence for what we’ve known to be true and Liman signals hope for a better tomorrow. None of the two candidates, as far as I’m concerned, causes a serious uncertainty being in the driver’s seat of the local government.
No doubt, I can attest better for Abdul Nasir Bobboji because he’s someone I’ve personally known for decades or nearly all my life, right from the playground of Galadima Best to working closely in community youth organisations at local and state levels. Even though I did not work with him at the local government council, I definitely trust the testimony given by his colleagues and friends.
From what I know, A. A. Liman was a promising and distinguished young leader right from his university days. He seems to be growing with promises from strength to strength. He might not have Bobboji’s experience, but certainly, has a record that can be relied upon for the leadership of the council.
Fellow men and women of the capital city, for sure, if I should have the chance to vote, I certainly will vote for only one of them, and so will you! The choice is not as tricky as it looks, and whatever happens, there’s no cause for alarm.
As far as I can see, the preference in this election depends on what parameters one uses to collect one’s voter’s card, deep one’s thumb in the blue ink and place it on the ballot paper. My dear people, I wish you and of course, myself, God’s choice, which is the best!
With all these discoveries and recoveries of looted billions of dollars (cash in apartments) from government officials who were trusted with the nation’s revenue sources, you still doubt why Nigeria is on its knees? We’ve never seen this before, not as far as I know. We had seen such amount of money taken to chambers’ floor for gratification, but not taken out of residences as evidence of criminalization. Fellow countrymen, this is a clear path to the sanity we all prayed for so hard.
It’s not about Buhari, at all! But, whatever the case, having a credible leader to take heads on people who destroyed our country because they were believed to be sacrosanct is a great God-given deal that is difficult to achieve in a hundred years. We must acknowledge the sacrifices of the Nigerian security, the EFCC and the Nigeria Customs. The Judiciary is under check and balance. The financial system, not the whole economy, of course, is being transformed to boost the country's global credibility for investment. Agriculture is reclaiming its original place in the economy.
With so far what's going on, we expect to see a reverse in unemployment, infrastructural dilapidations and institutional weaknesses - it's about reforming core societal values to achieve the rest!
I pray this administration will be successful in its fight against corruption, something that we all agree is the biggest obstacle ahead of our collective progress. I also pray God will strengthen us, as a nation on trial once again, with the grit to put off things that really aren’t the core issues and give this administration a chance to succeed.
The biggest criticism of the present administration, as far as I know, is that President Buhari turned a blind eye to the corruption allegations of some of his subordinates. Did we say Buhari is corrupt himself? If a government is like a family, with the president as the head, striving to make a difference, why can’t we take a minute and reflect into the membership of our own families – the role that everybody plays?
Let’s not forget, building a nation is like a battlefield. Your commandant, like the head of your family, might not necessarily be your smartest or knows everything. How much support you give him and how willing you are to sacrifice, utilising your strengths and weaknesses, determine your collective victory.
That was why Obama maintained decorum by not only respecting a smooth transition but also appealed to Americans to support Donald Trump. Hillary Clinton did the same, and despite all odds, graced Trump’s swearing-in ceremony with her husband and participated in all activities. Again, that was why recently a supreme court judge vowed and took a leave when President Trump sacked her on a decision that even the Court of Appeal stood by so far.
All these actions were clear instances of wisdom managed to look beyond Mr Trump’s controversies in the nonnegotiable and sovereign interests of the American system.
Often time, we do things in Nigeria either for or against an individual at the cost of the nation. The looted funds are a good example. A pointless opposition is another. I agree, blind support also does not allow people with genuine arguments to keep governments on their toes. We must distinguish between criticism and castigation, the former is meant to improve, the latter is to pull down.
The way forward is to put the nation first. Part of it also is to carefully give the government of the day a chance to experiment its antidotes. We need time. We need confidence in our government and in ourselves. Above all, we need perseverance. May Allah make it easy for us.
Irin korafe-korafen da ke faruwa a yanzu game da gwamnatin Shugaba Muhammadu Buhari, babu tantama ya yi kama da abunda ya faru a 1984, lokacin mulkinsa na farko. Yawa-yawancin jama’a suka kosa saboda tsaurin rayuwa, daga karshe suka yi fatan Allah ya canza musu shi. Shekaru kadan bayan Allah ya kawo karshen mulkinsa, jama’a suka fahimci kuskurensu. Allah bai sake dawo da Buhari ba, sai bayan sama da shekaru talatin na gwagwarmaya, har da rasa rayuka. Sai gashi nan yau cikin kasa da shekaru biyu na mulkin Buhari, wata sabuwar kalma wai ita ‘buhariyya,’ wacce ke nufin tsaurin rayuwa, ta shigo kuddin kamusun Hausa – ma’ana, tarihi ya maimaita kansa. Wai shin a ina matsalar take ne? Kuma shin menene yan Najeriya ba su fahimta ba game da Muhammadu Buhari?
Ko shakka babu, sanin tarihinsa da shaida na wadanda suka san shi sani na hakika, Buhari mutum ne adali mai kishin kasa da kokarin yin abunda ya kamata iya gwargwadon karfinsa. Wannan fahimtata kenan. Na yi imani Buhari na da kyakyawar nufi wa Najeriya, kuma yana iya kokarinsa wajen ceto ta. Ba laifi bane bayyana matsaloli da damuwowi da hakikanin gaskiya al’ummar Najeriya tana ciki, to amma yana da kyau mu lura cewa, ba fa gyaran kasa ba, ko gyaran gona ne, matukar ta lalace, shekaru biyu – kai ko shekaru hudu ne – sun yi kadan, iyakar yin kadan, a ce mutum ya soma dauke tsammani a kan Najeria ko shugabancin Buhari.
Babu jayayya, a matsayinsa na dan Adam, Buhari, kamar kowa, yana da nashi rauni, kuma yana da kyau masoyansa su amince da wannan. Ra’ayin shugaba Buhari irin na mazan jiya, wanda shine yasa kowa ya yi amanna dashi kuma shi ya banbanta shi da sauran batagarin yan siyasa, wani lokaci, ya kan sanya shi ya turje wa al’amura har sai ya fahimci gaskiyar lamari, kafin ya amince. Wannan ya faru a lokacin da masana suka yi ta bashi shawawar ya karya darajar Naira, wanda bai yarda ba cikin sauki har sai da kamar lokaci ya kure. Ina kyautata zaton wannan yanayi shi ya kawo jinkirin nadin jami’an gwamnatinsa har sai da ya shafe kusan rabin shekara.
A irin siyasarmu ta Afirka, a dai halin yanzu, gaskiya tsagwaro, ba koda yaushe ta ke warware bakin zaren mai jagorancin al’umma mai girma da banbance-banbance irin Najeriya. Yadda shugaba Buhari ke gudanar da siyasar fatinsa ta APC bisa dukkan alamu yana jawo tafiyar hawainiya, wanda idan bai yi hankali ba yana iya shafar gudanar da mulkinsa. Ana iya fahimtar haka, yadda al’amura ke gudana tsakaninsa da majilasar kasa da kuma yadda kyakkyawar fahimta ta kasa dorewa a fatin, har gashi yau yan Najeria sun fara tunanin wani daban ba Buhari ba. Amma fa mu gane, duk sanadin wannan shine, kokarin yin adalci da baiwa kowa hakkinsa da barin komai ya gudana da kanshi, shi ya sanya Buhari yake yin hakan.
A ganina a na kuskure wajen irin matakan da a ke bi don taushe zanga-zanga, misali irin wanda yan Shi’a ke yi. A na anfani da karfi fiye da kima wanda ba zai haifar da da mai ido ba. Hasali ma dai, irin wannan salo ne a ka yi anfani da shi a 1984 wajen kawar da sace-sace, barace-barace, yawon banza a kan titi, rashin da’a, rashin tsabta, da dai sauransu. Wadannan na daga cikin dalilan da yan mata ke yiwa Buhari waka, suna cewa, ‘Buhari ka cucemu, Buhari zambemu, ka hana yan mata talla – lale walale.’ Kuma shi yasa talakawa ke ganin Buhari ya cika tsanani, har suka yi Allah wadai da mulkinsa. Duk da cewa muna ganin salo ne mai tsanani, amma shin don Allah, ba wai wadannan abubuwa da makamantansu ne suka bata Najeriya ba?
Har’ila yau, bisa dukkan alamu zamananci ya soma tsere wa dattijo. Na tabbata in ba don yan Najeriya sun rasa samun kamar shi ba, da za su so a ce, Buhari na hutawa a gida, Allah ya albarkaci sauran rayuwarsa. Halin da Najeriya ta shiga kafin nasarar zaben Buhari, al’amarin ya kai gargara, ba kuma ina nufin shugaba Goodluck ne kawai sanadi ba, wanda ko shakka babu, shi ya kawo dalilan da yan Najeriya ke ganin babu mai ceto kasar sai shi. Hatta kusoshin Najeriya wadanda kowa ya sani sun tsani irin Buhari ya hau mulki, amma sun gwammace kidi da karatu, sun gwammace da yan Boko Haram su cimmusu, kamar yadda suka cimma bayin Allah a Borno da Yobe da Adamawa da Kano har da Abuja – Allah ya saka musu – sun gwammace Buhari ya cimmasu. In ba don mantuwa irin na dan Adam ba, kowa ya san irin ci gaba da a ka samu a fagen tsaro sanadiyar dawo da darajar sojojin Najeriya da Buhari ya yi. Allah ya jikan wadanda suka riga mu gidan gaskiya a wannan yaki da ya buwayi kowa.
Yan’uwa yan Najeriya, na yi amanna, duk da wadannan rauni da muke gani, ko in ce nake gani, bana zato har yanzu muna da kamar Buhari, kuma ba don wai ina nufin mun shiga tsaka mai wuya ba ne. Korafe-korafe ko neman canji cikin gaggawa ba shine mafita ba a yanzu. Menene mafita? Ku biyoni a makala ta gaba za ku ji dalilan da suka kai mu ga wannan hali da irin tsokaci da na yi a kansu game da yadda ya dace mu yi. Allah ya samar mana mafita da mafitarsa.
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